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Any such summary cannot capture the details and nuances of individuals state laws.
Although roughly a third of the states permit health care providers to inform a minor's parents that their child is seeking STI-related services, none require it.
"The General Assembly determined that the privilege of serving as a peace officer comes with the obligation to adhere to a higher standard of conduct both on and off duty," she wrote.
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But the section of the sexual battery statute, as written to apply to officers, violated the equal protection clauses of the U. A 4-3 decision, the ruling by the state's highest court also affirms the appellate decision to overturn a Waite Hill officer's conviction.
That doesn't mean that police may engage in such acts without fear of prosecution.
Unlike testing for most other infectious diseases, testing for HIV involves possible benefits as well as social, economic, and legal consequences that typically are not apparent or known to an individual considering testing.
HIV-related testing is the gateway to health-preserving treatment; it also can be the basis of criminal prosecution for those who are sexually active, or relied on to exclude individuals who test positive for HIV from programs, employment, or insurance.
Also, the law is fluid, and these summaries may not reflect recent legislative change in a particular state.
Every state in the country allows minors to consent to STI testing and care without parental approval, although a number of these set an age threshold for the right to consent without parental involvement.
The state said a provision of the state's sexual battery statute, which bars sexual conduct with a minor when the officer is more than two years older than the minor, violated the equal protection clauses in the U. The ban for officers, though, required no such relationship and as such was an "arbitrarily disparate treatment of peace officers." The original case The case involved former Waite Hill officer Matthew Mole, then 35, who was convicted in 2012 of sexual battery.
Mole was caught engaging in sexual conduct with a 14-year-old boy in Richmond Heights and was tried in Cuyahoga County Common Pleas Court.
According to the Supreme Court, Mole was contacted by the boy through an online dating site.