Moreover, it is obvious that Marcion was already a consecrated bishop.A layman could not have disputed on Scripture with the presbyters as he did, nor have threatened shortly after his arrival: "I will divide your Church and cause within her a division, which will last forever", as Marcion is said to have done; a layman could not have founded a vast and worldwide institution, of which the main characteristic was that it was episcopalian; a layman would not have been proudly referred to for centuries by his disciples as their first bishop , a claim not disputed by any of their adversaries, though many and extensive works were written against them; a layman would not have been permanently cast out of the Church without hope of reconciliation by his own father, notwithstanding his entreaties, for a sin of fornication, nor thereafter have become an object of laughter to his heathen fellow townsmen, if we accept the story of Epiphanius.His final breach with the Roman Church occurred in the autumn of 144, for the Marcionites counted 115 years and 6 months from the time of Christ to the beginning of their sect.

We can take it for granted then, that Marcion was a bishop, probably an assistant or suffragan of his father at Sinope.

Having fallen out with his father he travels to Rome, where, being a seafarer or shipowner and a great traveler, he already may have been known and where his wealth obtains him influence and position.

As they arose in the very infancy of Christianity and adopted from the beginning a strong ecclesiastical organization, parallel to that of the Catholic Church, they were perhaps the most dangerous foe Christianity has ever known. No accusations of impurity are brought against Marcion by earlier Church writers, and Marcion's austerity seems acknowledged as a fact. Epiphanius says that Marcion sought admittance into the Roman Church but was refused.

The subject will be treated under the following heads: I. Irenaeus states that Marcion flourished under Pope Anicetus (c. Though this period may mark Marcion's greatest success in Rome, it is certain that he arrived there earlier, I. The reason given was that they could not admit one who had been expelled by his own bishop without previous communication with that authority.

This again is more natural if it was made with a tacit condition, than if it was absolute and the outcome of pure charity.

Lastly, the report that Marcion on his arrival at Rome had to hand in or to renew a confession of faith (Tert., "De Praeser.," xxx; "Adv.

The metaphysical relation between these two gods troubled Marcion little; of divine emanation, aeons, syzygies, eternally opposed principles of good and evil, he knows nothing.

He may be almost a Manichee in practice, but in theory he has not reached absolute consistency as Mani did a hundred years later.

A layman would not have been disappointed that he was not made bishop shortly after his arrival in a city whose see was vacant, as Marcion is said to have been on his arrival at Rome after the death of Hyginus.