Four States are considering legislation that would allow marital rape to be prosecuted." In many countries, it is not clear if marital rape may or may not be prosecuted under ordinary rape laws.

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The original meaning of "carry off by force" is still found in some phrases, such as "rape and pillage", or in titles, such as the stories of the Rape of the Sabine Women and The Rape of Europa or the poem The Rape of the Lock, which is about the theft of a lock of hair.

Raptus described the abduction of a woman against the will of the man under whose authority she lived, and sexual intercourse was not a necessary element. In the US, a husband could not be charged with raping his wife until 1979.

while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) includes rape in their definition of sexual assault; they term rape a form of sexual violence.

The CDC lists other acts of coercive, non-consensual sexual activity that may or may not include rape, including drug-facilitated sexual assault, acts in which a victim is made to penetrate a perpetrator or someone else, intoxication where the victim is unable to consent (due to incapacitation or being unconscious), non-physically forced penetration which occurs after a person is pressured verbally (by intimidation or misuse of authority to force to consent), or completed or attempted forced penetration of a victim via unwanted physical force (including using a weapon or threatening to use a weapon).

The rape of Lucretia started events that led to the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom and establishment of the Roman Republic, as well as her suicide.

Many artists and writers were inspired by the story, including Shakespeare, Botticelli, Rembrandt, Dürer, Artemisia Gentileschi, Geoffrey Chaucer, and Thomas Heywood.

Serious injuries can result along with the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

A person may face violence or threats from the rapist, and, in some cultures, from the victim's family and relatives.

It recognizes that a victim can be incapacitated by drugs and alcohol and unable to give valid consent.

The definition does not change federal or state criminal codes or impact charging and prosecution on the federal, state or local level; it rather means that rape will be more accurately reported nationwide.

Duress may be actual or threatened force or violence against the victim or someone close to the victim. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in its landmark 1998 judgment used a definition of rape which did not use the word 'consent': "a physical invasion of a sexual nature committed on a person under circumstances which are coercive." Marital rape, or spousal rape, is non-consensual sex in which the perpetrator is the victim's spouse.