After this, the sons of Israel went up to the Temple and rebuilt its gates and purified the Temple from the dead bodies and from the defilement.And they sought after pure olive oil to light the lamps therewith, but could not find any, except one bowl that was sealed with the signet ring of the High Priest from the days of Samuel the prophet and they knew that it was pure.

dating and lighting shabbat candles-89

Judas also rebuilt the walls round about the city, and reared towers of great height against the incursions of enemies, and set guards therein.

He also fortified the city Bethsura, that it might serve as a citadel against any distresses that might come from our enemies." The story of Hanukkah is alluded to in the book of 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees.

Moreover, the 'kaf' consonant is geminate in classical (but not modern) Hebrew.

Adapting the classical Hebrew pronunciation with the geminate and pharyngeal The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah.

This unique candle is called the shamash (Hebrew: Other Hanukkah festivities include playing dreidel and eating oil-based foods such as doughnuts and latkes.

Since the 1970s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah lightings in open public places in many countries.), and neither of those sounds is unambiguously representable in English spelling.

A modern-day scholar Reuvein Margolies suggests that as the Mishnah was redacted after the Bar Kochba revolt, its editors were reluctant to include explicit discussion of a holiday celebrating another relatively recent revolt against a foreign ruler, for fear of antagonizing the Romans.

The Gemara (Talmud), in tractate Shabbat, page 21b, focuses on Shabbat candles and moves to Hanukkah candles and says that after the forces of Antiochus IV had been driven from the Temple, the Maccabees discovered that almost all of the ritual olive oil had been profaned.

Except in times of danger, the lights were to be placed outside one's door, on the opposite side of the mezuza, or in the window closest to the street.

Rashi, in a note to Shabbat 21b, says their purpose is to publicize the miracle.

The Maccabees successfully rebelled against Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Playing the dreidel game, and giving Hanukkah gelt in Yiddish; a transliteration also romanized as Chanukah or Ḥanukah) is a Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire.